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Macrohymenium: The Enchanting Moss of the Sematophyllaceae Family

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Linbergia-sinensis-Muell-Hal-Broth-1-Habit-of-plant-Wet-2-A-portion-of-plant_Q640.jpg from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Linbergia-sinensis-Muell-Hal-Broth-1-Habit-of-plant-Wet-2-A-portion-of-plant_fig1_341098152

Macrohymenium Müll.Hal.: The Magnificent Moss of the Sematophyllaceae Family


Figura-12-Orthostichopsis-tortipilis-Muell-Hal-Broth-a-Habito-b-Filidios-c.png from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Figura-12-Orthostichopsis-tortipilis-Muell-Hal-Broth-a-Habito-b-Filidios-c_fig12_309232610



Figura-2-Calymperes-tenerum-Muell-Hal-A-habito-B-celulas-cancelinas-C-vista_Q320.jpg from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Figura-2-Calymperes-tenerum-Muell-Hal-A-habito-B-celulas-cancelinas-C-vista_fig1_339193406

Today we’re diving into the fascinating world of


368175.jpg from: https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/4862

Macrohymenium Müll.Hal., a captivating moss species belonging to the Sematophyllaceae family. This tiny but mighty plant plays important ecological roles and boasts some impressive adaptations. Get ready to be amazed by Macrohymenium!


img-z2-5_01.jpg from: https://bioone.org/journals/lindbergia/volume-2023/issue-1/linbg.01168/A-note-on-current-status-of-Helicobarbula-porphyreoneura-Müll-Hal/10.25227/linbg.01168.full

Background on Macrohymenium Moss

Macrohymenium is a genus of mosses in the Bryophyta division and Bryopsida class. The Sematophyllaceae family it belongs to contains over 50 genera and 1000 species distributed worldwide. Macrohymenium mosses are relatively small but stand out for their unique characteristics.

Morphology and Identification

Macrohymenium mosses have creeping stems with ovate-lanceolate leaves arranged in a pinnate pattern. The leaves have a single costa (midrib) and are often falcate-secund (curved to one side). Leaf cells are elongated and prosenchymatous. The seta (stalk) supports an erect capsule with 16 peristome teeth.
Key identification features:

  • Pinnately branched stems
  • Falcate-secund leaves
  • Single costa
  • Erect capsule with 16 peristome teeth

Global Distribution and Habitat

Macrohymenium mosses are found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, and Central and South America. They typically grow on tree trunks


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, branches, logs, and rocks in humid forests and woodlands at low to mid elevations.
Some common habitats:

Ecological Roles and Adaptations

As epiphytes, Macrohymenium mosses play important roles in their ecosystems:

  1. Moisture retention: Their mat-like growth traps and holds moisture, helping regulate humidity in the forest understory.

  2. Nutrient cycling: They trap organic debris and host nitrogen-fixing microbes, contributing to nutrient cycling.

  3. Microhabitats: Moss mats provide shelter and microhabitats for various invertebrates and other organisms.

  4. Substrate stabilization: By growing on trunks and branches, they stabilize substrates and provide a foothold for other epiphytes.


    A-D-Calyptrochaeta-remotifolia-MuellHal-ZIwats-BCTan-Touw-A-B-Plants-in.png from: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/A-D-Calyptrochaeta-remotifolia-MuellHal-ZIwats-BCTan-Touw-A-B-Plants-in_fig3_311527417

Macrohymenium has adapted well to epiphytic life:


From its unique morphology to its ecological significance, Macrohymenium Müll.Hal.


image0.jpg from: https://www.kew.org/read-and-watch/moss

is a marvelous moss that deserves appreciation. The next time you’re in a humid tropical forest, take a closer look at the tree trunks and branches – you might just spot this small but spectacular species! What other wonders of the bryophyte world await discovery?

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